50 Years of Merdeka: Past and
Future – A Reflection
50th Merdeka Message to Technology Business
by Lim Kit Siang
The nation achieved
independence in 1957 at the same time as Ghana, when both countries were
almost on par economically. Both countries are celebrating their golden
jubilee of national independence this year, but Ghana is a failure in
economic development, with its per capita income only about one-tenth that
Should Malaysia feel proud that we are now ten times better off than
Ghana, as had been suggested by a Barisan Nasional MP in Parliament?
This depends on whether we want to compare with the best or with the
worst. There is no point in talking about” excellence, glory and
distinction” if we are only proud to be compared with failed states and
not prepared to compete with our equals or betters.
Malaysia was No. 2 in Asia after Japan in terms of prosperity and income
when it achieved independence in 1957, despite having a per capita income
of only US$200 per year. However, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and
Singapore have caught up with us and gone ahead.
Although Malaysia’s per capita GNP had started to trail behind Hong Kong
and Singapore in the first decade after independence, we were still ahead
of South Korea and Taiwan. Malaysia’s per capita GNP in 1967 stood at
US$290 as compared to Taiwan’s US$250 and South Korea’s US$160.
In 1967, Singapore’s per capita GNP was US$600 while Hong Kong US$620.
In the past four decades, South Korea’s per capita income multiplied about
a hundred-fold, Taiwan by some 60-fold, Singapore by 45-fold, Hong Kong by
some 40-fold with Malaysia lagging with an increase of only some 17 fold.
The brain drain of over a million talented, creative and enterprising
Malaysians in the past four decades as a result of the New Economic Policy
must bear primary responsibility for Malaysia trailing so behind
Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and South Korea.
Let us not indulge in any finger-pointing exercise but let us own up to
our mistakes and have the courage to correct them in the best interests of
the nation and future generations.
The most meaningful way for the nation to celebrate our 50th Merdeka
Anniversary is for the government to end the denial complex and recognise
that driving over a million talented, creative and enterprising Malaysians
from our shores in the past four decades because of discriminatory
policies is one of our greatest nation-building failures and to summon a
national resolve to end the root causes to prevent another wave of such
The future of Malaysia in the globalised economy lies in the ability of
Malaysia to compete with the rest of the world, and not the competition
between Malays and non-Malays in Malaysia.
This challenge holds the key to the success, prosperity and greatness of
Malaysia in the next 50 years.
Opposition Leader, MP for Ipoh Timur & DAP Central Policy and Strategic
Planning Commission Chairman